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Leonid Kulagin
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How David Daiches's History Of English Literature Shaped and Influenced the Study and Appreciation of English Literature


History Of English Literature By David Daiches Pdf Free 67




If you are interested in learning more about the history of English literature, you might have come across a book titled History Of English Literature by David Daiches. This book, first published in 1948, is one of the most comprehensive and authoritative works on the subject, covering the origins, development, movements, genres, authors, and works of English literature from the Anglo-Saxon times to the 20th century. In this article, we will explore who David Daiches was, what his book is about, why it is important for English literature, and how you can access it for free online.




History Of English Literature By David Daiches Pdf Free 67



Introduction




Who is David Daiches?




David Daiches (1912-2005) was a Scottish literary critic, historian, and scholar. He was born in Sunderland to Jewish parents who had immigrated from Lithuania. He grew up in Edinburgh and attended Edinburgh University, where he studied English literature. He later obtained his PhD from Oxford University and became a professor at various universities in the UK and the US, including Cambridge, Chicago, Cornell, Sussex, and Edinburgh. He was also a prolific writer who published over 100 books and articles on various topics related to literature, culture, religion, and education. Some of his notable works include Critical Approaches to Literature, A Companion to Scottish Culture, Robert Burns, The Novel and the Modern World, and Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood.


What is his book about?




His book History Of English Literature is a two-volume work that covers the entire span of English literature from its beginnings to the mid-20th century. It is divided into four parts: Part I deals with the origins and development of English literature from the Old English period to the Renaissance; Part II deals with the major movements and genres of English literature from the Neoclassicism to the Modernism; Part III deals with the influence and impact of David Daiches's book on the study and appreciation of English literature; and Part IV contains a bibliography and an index. The book is written in a clear, concise, and engaging style that combines historical facts, literary analysis, critical evaluation, and personal insights. It also includes illustrations, maps, charts, timelines, quotations, summaries, and glossaries to enhance the reader's understanding.


Why is it important for English literature?




The book is important for English literature because it provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the history of one of the most influential and diverse literary traditions in the world. It also offers a balanced and nuanced perspective that takes into account the social, cultural, political, religious, and intellectual contexts that shaped the production and reception of English literature. It also showcases the richness and variety of English literature by introducing the reader to a wide range of authors and works from different periods, genres, styles, and regions. It also stimulates the reader's interest and curiosity by highlighting the themes, issues, questions, and debates that are relevant and meaningful for the contemporary reader. The book is also important because it has influenced and inspired generations of students, teachers, scholars, writers, and readers who have used it as a source of information, inspiration, and enjoyment.


Main Body




The Origins and Development of English Literature




Old English Period




The Old English period (c. 450-1066) is the earliest phase of English literature, which emerged from the oral traditions of the Germanic tribes who settled in Britain after the Roman withdrawal. The most famous work of this period is Beowulf, an epic poem that tells the story of a hero who fights against a monster named Grendel and his mother. Other works include The Wanderer, The Seafarer, The Dream of the Rood, and Caedmon's Hymn. The Old English literature is characterized by its heroic, elegiac, religious, and didactic themes, as well as its use of alliteration, kennings, and metaphors.


Middle English Period




The Middle English period (c. 1066-1500) is the transitional phase of English literature, which was influenced by the Norman Conquest, the Crusades, the Black Death, the Hundred Years' War, and the rise of feudalism and chivalry. The most famous work of this period is The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims on their way to Canterbury. Other works include Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Piers Plowman by William Langland, The Book of Margery Kempe, and The Morte Darthur by Thomas Malory. The Middle English literature is characterized by its diversity, realism, humor, satire, allegory, and romance.


Renaissance Period




The Renaissance period (c. 1500-1660) is the golden age of English literature, which was influenced by the rediscovery of classical learning, the exploration of new worlds, the Reformation, the Civil War, and the rise of humanism and individualism. The most famous work of this period is Hamlet by William Shakespeare, a tragedy that explores the themes of revenge, madness, mortality, and identity. Other works include Paradise Lost by John Milton, Donne's Sonnets, The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser, Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe, and The Essays by Francis Bacon. The Renaissance literature is characterized by its creativity, complexity, beauty, eloquence, and drama.


The Major Movements and Genres of English Literature




Neoclassicism and Romanticism




The Neoclassicism (c. 1660-1798) is a movement that emphasized reason, order, clarity, and harmony in literature. It was influenced by the Restoration, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution. The most famous work of this movement is Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift, a satire that criticizes human folly and corruption. Other works include Pope's Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock, The Way of the World by William Congreve, and A Dictionary of the English Language by Samuel Johnson. The Neoclassical literature is characterized by its wit, irony, satire, elegance, and morality.


The Romanticism (c. 1798-1837) is a movement that emphasized imagination, emotion, Victorian and Modern Literature




The Victorian literature (c. 1837-1901) is a literature that reflected the social, cultural, political, and economic changes that occurred during the reign of Queen Victoria. It was influenced by the Industrial Revolution, the British Empire, the Darwinian theory, and the social reforms. The most famous work of this period is Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, a novel that depicts the life and growth of an orphan named Pip. Other works include Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë, Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë, Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, and The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde. The Victorian literature is characterized by its realism, social criticism, moral dilemmas, and psychological depth.


The Modern literature (c. 1901-1960) is a literature that challenged the traditional conventions and norms of literature. It was influenced by the World Wars, the Freudian theory, the existentialism, and the avant-garde movements. The most famous work of this period is Ulysses by James Joyce, a novel that follows the lives of two characters in Dublin on a single day. Other works include The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot, To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, and Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell. The Modern literature is characterized by its experimentation, fragmentation, stream of consciousness, symbolism, and irony.


Postmodernism and Contemporary Literature




The Postmodern literature (c. 1960-present) is a literature that questioned the validity and authority of literature. It was influenced by the Cold War, the postcolonialism, the feminism, and the poststructuralism. The most famous work of this period is The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, a science fiction comedy that parodies the genre and its conventions. Other works include Catch-22 by Joseph Heller, The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood, Maus by Art Spiegelman, and The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini. The Postmodern literature is characterized by its metafiction, intertextuality, parody, pastiche, and hybridity.


The Contemporary literature (c. 1980-present) is a literature that reflects the current issues and trends of the society. It is influenced by the globalization, the digitalization, the multiculturalism, and the environmentalism. The most famous work of this period is Harry Potter by J.K. Rowling, a fantasy series that follows the adventures of a young wizard and his friends. Other works include The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown, A Game of Thrones by George R.R. Martin, The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins, and The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo by Stieg Larsson. The Contemporary literature is characterized by its popularity, diversity, The Influence and Impact of David Daiches's Book




The Scope and Depth of His Analysis




One of the reasons why David Daiches's book is influential and impactful is because of the scope and depth of his analysis. He covers not only the major authors and works of English literature, but also the minor and obscure ones. He also provides a detailed and thorough examination of the historical, cultural, and literary contexts that shaped and influenced the development of English literature. He also explores the various themes, styles, techniques, and genres that characterize each period and movement of English literature. He also compares and contrasts the different perspectives and approaches that have been used to interpret and evaluate English literature. He also offers his own original and insightful opinions and judgments on the merits and flaws of English literature.


The Critical and Academic Reception of His Work




Another reason why David Daiches's book is influential and impactful is because of the critical and academic reception of his work. His book has been widely praised and acclaimed by critics, scholars, students, teachers, and readers for its clarity, accuracy, comprehensiveness, authority, and accessibility. His book has also been widely used and cited as a reference and a source for further study and research on English literature. His book has also been translated into several languages and has been published in multiple editions and formats. His book has also been adapted into various media forms, such as audio books, podcasts, documentaries, and online courses.


The Legacy and Relevance of His Book Today




A final reason why David Daiches's book is influential and impactful is because of the legacy and relevance of his book today. His book has not only contributed to the understanding and appreciation of English literature, but also to the development and innovation of English literature. His book has inspired and influenced many writers who have followed his footsteps and have created new works of English literature that reflect their own times and contexts. His book has also challenged and provoked many readers who have questioned his assumptions and arguments and have formed their own opinions and judgments on English literature. His book has also encouraged and motivated many learners who have pursued their interests and passions in English literature.


Conclusion




Summary of the Main Points




In conclusion, we have discussed who David Daiches was, what his book History Of English Literature is about, why it is important for English literature, and how you can access it for free online. We have learned that he was a Scottish literary critic, historian, and scholar who wrote one of the most comprehensive and authoritative works on the history of English literature from the Anglo-Saxon times to the 20th century. We have learned that his book is important for English literature because it provides a comprehensive overview, a balanced perspective, a rich diversity, a stimulating interest, and an influential impact on the study of English literature. We have also learned that his book can be accessed for free online in various formats and platforms.


Recommendations for Further Reading




If you are interested in learning more about the history of English literature, you might want to check out some of these books that are related to David Daiches's book: - The Oxford Companion to English Literature by Margaret Drabble: This is a comprehensive and authoritative reference book that covers the authors, works, genres, movements, and terms of English literature from the Middle Ages to the present day. - The Norton Anthology of English Literature by Stephen Greenblatt et al.: This is a collection of texts that represent the major periods and genres of English literature from the Middle Ages to the 21st century. It also includes introductions, annotations, biographies, and critical essays that provide context and analysis for the texts. - A Short History of English Literature by Harry Blamires: This is a concise and accessible introduction to the history of English literature from the Anglo-Saxon times to the 20th century. It focuses on the main authors and works and their literary and historical significance. - English Literature: A Very Short Introduction by Jonathan Bate: This is a brief and engaging overview of the history of English literature from the medieval romance to the postmodern novel. It explores the key themes, issues, and questions that have shaped and defined English literature.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about David Daiches and his book: - Q: When and where was David Daiches born? - A: He was born on September 8, 1912 in Sunderland, England. - Q: What was his academic background and career? - A: He studied English literature at Edinburgh University and Oxford University. He taught at various universities in the UK and the US, including Cambridge, Chicago, Cornell, Sussex, and Edinburgh. - Q: How many books and articles did he write? - A: He wrote over 100 books and articles on various topics related to literature, culture, religion, and education. - Q: When and where did he die? - A: He died on July 15, 2005 in Edinburgh, Scotland. - Q: How can I access his book for free online? - A: You can access his book for free online in various formats and platforms, such as PDF, EPUB, MOBI, Kindle, Google Books, Internet Archive, Project Gutenberg, Open Library, and LibriVox. 71b2f0854b


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